Drug addictions don’t follow any specific path and the levels of addiction often depend on the type of drug. Nicotine is a highly addictive drug and one that is hard to quit, but there are other drugs that can rule your life and the severity of these drug addictions can make recovery extremely difficult. Your level of drug addictions may have relinquished the self-control of your mental and physical state, but staying positive and wanting to get clean is an important first step. These five drugs can take hold of your life. However, understanding them will help liberate you from their poisonous grip.
Heroin is an opiate that affects receptors in the brain mimicking endorphins, reducing pain and creating pleasure in the body. It is made from morphine, from the opium plant, and consumed by inhaling, smoking or injecting it with a needle. Most addicts start by inhaling it through the nose, but ultimately end up injecting it to experience the greatest high. Once a user starts injecting it, heroin becomes the sole purpose for their life and their only objective is to get more, no matter who they hurt to get it.
Crack cocaine is the crystal form of powder cocaine and is 75 percent to 100 percent pure. Smoking it in a pipe delivers it instantly to the brain creating an intense high. This high lasts 10 to 15 minutes and leaves the user edgy, depressed and wanting more. The initial cost of it is inexpensive, making it easy to get, but as the need for it grows it becomes exponentially expensive. Drug addictions to crack cocaine happen more rapidly through smoking it, even for first time users.
Methadone is a synthetic opiate used as a narcotic painkiller, often to help wean addicts off heroin or used for addicts experiencing detoxification. It blocks the “high” feeling an addict would experience in the brain or spinal cord. It is highly addictive and even normal doses of methadone, used as maintenance to combat other drugs, can lead to drug addictions.
Crystal meth, or methamphetamine, is a crystalline drug that is snorted, smoked or injected with a needle. It affects transmitters in the brain like heroin, but releases dopamine and norepinephrine. Dopamine is a reward chemical and norepinephrine is a stress release hormone that causes alertness. The release of these chemicals causes an intense high, but over time these transmitters are damaged reducing the chemical production and at the same time increasing the body’s craving for them.
Alcohol is a socially accepted drug that can complicate a person’s addiction to it. Usually it is abused by creating a daily habit of drinking and replacing work and relationships in a person’s life. This can lead to health issues and put both the abuser and others in harm’s way. Alcohol dependence or alcoholism happens when the addiction takes on physical dependence. Once the alcoholic starts drinking they have very little to no control over the amount they consume.
Recovery Is Possible
Even in the darkest hour and under the influence of the most oppressive drugs there is always hope in recovery. Understanding what drug addictions are and how these different drugs act on the mind and body will help put you on the road to recovery. If your addiction is severe it is best to get help as soon as you can. There are many treatment centers that can help you from detox to recovery. Let the professionals help you, along with friends and loved ones, and get the support you need to beat the strong grip these tough drugs have on you.