Why do people succumb to Adderall abuse??
Adderall makes the user more alert and focused, which is why it is prescribed for ADHD, or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, and narcolepsy. Some use it to enhance thinking and performance. A more “medical” use is for hypertension, or low blood pressure. Persons who are involved in Adderall abuse take it as an aphrodisiac and euphoriant, or a way to feel high.
This psycho-stimulant works by increasing neurotransmitter activity in the brain. Norepinephrine and Dopamine are the two neurotransmitters affected, and they are necessary for concentration and cognitive alertness. An increased production of Norepinephrine leads to the increased rate of contractions of the heart. It is also a hormone related to stress and stimulates the “fight or flight” response.
Dopamine is formed from a chunk of the molecule L-DOPA, and it is released to take messages to other nerve cells. This hormone also tells blood vessels, kidneys, the digestive system and the pancreas to do specific jobs to keep the body on track. If it is taken in excess, its messages may wreak havoc.
The dangers of Adderall abuse come into sharp focus when one considers that Adderall has side effects even when taken as prescribed. Irregular heartbeat, anxiety and euphoria may occur with acceptable doses. Impaired cognitive function and overly-fast muscle breakdown can occur with large doses of Adderall. Very high doses of this drug can cause paranoia and delusions which do not normally occur with real, prescribed doses.
Adderall abuse occurs because it is addictive. Users must take increasingly higher doses to get the desired effect of euphoria, or a high. Users develop tolerance to amphetamines very quickly. Recreational use demands a much higher dose of Adderall to achieve a high, so a lot of Adderall is needed to begin with, and it only gets worse.
Adderall is made from amphetamine salts, which is why it is used for staying alert and focused. It is like speed. Amphetamine use has been banned from professional football, basketball and baseball in the United States and was also banned by the NCAA for all collegiate sports. The so-called “benefits” of the drug have led to negative and dire results when athletes continue to abuse it, hoping for improved performance. If it were safe, it would not be illegal to use it.
Persons involved in Adderall abuse are seeking a high or an elevated mood, but only get a temporary result. The after effects reverse the elated mood to mild depression, at least, and insomnia and irritability among other things. If vomiting occurs, turn the person on their side and make sure they do not choke on it and suffocate.
The good news is that there is specific treatment for amphetamine abuse and so Adderall abuse can be overcome. Detoxing methods depend on the individual and his or her overall health. An abuser can be weaned off the drug gradually or stopped cold turkey, but it is imperative to consult a doctor or treatment professional before detox so as not to create more dangerous conditions for the individual.
The hard work after detox from Adderall abuse is getting past the worst of the psychological dependence on the drug. It’s more difficult to have a relapse and start over, and letting the drug take control is debilitating to the ego.
Individual and/or group counseling is very important for most or all former addicts who want to break through the grip of Adderall abuse. Drug rehab and mental health facilities can help direct individuals toward appropriate treatment and aftercare so that each person can have ongoing support. Sticking with it is the battle, but succeeding is the greatest reward.
It’s never a good idea to give up and let the drug win. Get help now and be well physically and psychologically.